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Embed code for: SAMUEL FINLEY BREESE MORSE
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SAMUEL FINLEY BREESE MORSE was born on April 27, 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts as the first child of Pastor Jedidiah Morse and Elizabeth Ann Finley Breese. When he grew older Samuel entered Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts at the age of nine, and in 1805 he went to Yale College at the age of 14. During his college years he earned money by painting portraits and studied the subjects of religious philosophy, mathematics and science. There he also attended lectures on electricity, but his focus in life remained art.
After returning home to Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1810 he wished to continue his career as a painter, but his father insisted that he must become bookseller's apprentice and a year later, his parents let him sail to England for more education in Arts. In London he attended the Royal Academy of Arts where he met and received instructions from some of the most famous English painters. Some of the most important art pieces that he created during that period were statuette of The Dying Hercules and painting of The Dying Hercules that received critical acclaim. After returning to US in 1815 he opened art studio in Boston and started his professional career as a painter. Several years later he married Susan Walker Morse who gave him three children. While making portrait of Lafayette a French general Morse received a message that his wife was suddenly ill. Samuel rushed to from the Washington to his home in New Haven, only to find that she had died only a few days after he had arrived she had only been 25 when she died. Devastated by this he thought of a way he could make news travel faster, and he started to devising a plan to create new way of fast long distance communication.
When he first thought of how to do it he was on a sea voyages when it came to him he could use electromagnetism as a means of communication. He entered into conversation with a scientist Charles Thomas Jackson who described him some of the properties of electromagnetism. After finding out that information sent through copper cables travels instantaneously over great distances, then Morse started devising the plan for the creation of single-wire telegraph. After witnessing Jackson's many experiments with electromagnet, he designed first telegraph and submitted his findings to the US patent office. After long years and battles of trying to get a patent and the right to be called the inventor of the telegraph he finally won. After all of that he died of pneumonia in his home in New York City on April 2, 1872, while being married to his second wife Sarah Elizabeth Griswold.