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Dr. David Dryer
September 16, 2016
What to you makes a person a good leader? Is it the way they take charge? Maybe the way they treat others? Or it could be how they handle difficult situations! No matter what it is, everyone has a different opinion. Whether you call them your leader, your king, your ruler, or president, all leaders have the same duties to their people. Animal Farm displays various leaders and their ways of taking charge! Connecting this book with the video Red Scare was fairly easy. They both contained common political situations and characters similar to one another.
As you begin the first chapter, Mr. Jones, of the Manor Farm is where the story takes place. The animals on the farm believe they aren’t treated fairly. Old Major, a prize winning boar, is their leader. His socialist ideas for the farm, given in a speech in the barn are those similar to Karl Marx, the founder of communism (Ch.1 pg. 1-9). Old Major eventually dies a few days after giving his speech to the farm animals (Ch. 2 pg. 10). Other pigs on the farm include Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer.
After Old Major dies, Snowball take his place as leader. Snowballs ideas are more excepted by the other animals on the farm, (besides Mollie) and they grow quite fond of him. Snowballs characteristics are similar to those of Leon Trotsky in the video Red Scare (Ch.2 pg.11). Although Snowballs leadership isn’t as ideal as some of the animals hope for, they trust him because he tries to spread animalism and help the farm as much as he can. Throughout Snowballs leadership, Napoleon begins to challenge and argue Snowballs ideas and rules. Snowball is eventually overthrown by Napoleons power hungry personality and by force (Ch.5 pg.33).
Napoleon represents Stalin in the video Red Scare. His dictatorship like leadership causes many casualties and struggles throughout Animal Farm. He has dogs that protect him. They carry out any punishment Napoleon suggests to any animal who he has believed to lie or challenge his authority. The dogs resemble the Soviet police force or even the Nazis in Germany. The animals are taught to worship and believe anything he says. Napoleon writes on the barn, 10 commandments ALL the animals should live by because they are all equal (Ch.2 pg. 16). As the story progresses, Napoleon and the other pigs being to change the commandments secretly, confusing some of the animals. For example, in chapter 8 on pages 65 and 66, the commandment originally stated, “no animal shall drink”. Later on, Napoleon has Squealer change the commandment to, “no animal shall drink to excess” after the pigs found some of Mr. Jones alcohol in the house and drank it.
As Napoleon rules on, he has the animals working through the cold winter for just small rations of food! One of Napoleons most loyal workers was named Boxer, a horse. He models the Russian working class. Boxer is known for is hard working self and his quote, “I will work harder”, which he says many times through the book when they are building the windmill. The windmill was a major project Napoleon had the animals working on and it always seemed to get destroyed. Napoleon began to blame Snowball for sneaking onto the farm in the night and destroying it. During chapter 9 pages 70-75, Boxer dies and is sent to the glue factory. Napoleon and Squealer lie to the animals about where his body is taken.
In the book there were two main battles, Battle of the Cowshed and Battle of the Windmill. Each had casualties. At the Battle of the Cowshed, all the animals fight against Pilkington’s and Fredrick’s men. Boxer ends up kicking one of the younger men in the face and begins to panic thinking he is dead. They eventually run the men off, winning the battle. The Battle of the Windmill was only considered victorious to Napoleon. After Fredrick and his men show up to the farm they blow the previously finished windmill up, causing the animals to become furious running the men off the farm.
After many battles, casualties, and slave labor the book ends in chapter 10 with Napoleon, Squealer and the other pigs in the farm house with the farmers Pilkington, Fredrick and the others playing a card game. The animals on the farm looking in watch the pigs as they stand up right on their hind feet, toasting with the farmers. As the animals walk away they hear a loud dispute between Napoleon and Pilkington over them both laying down an ace. This is the start of another battle, similar as how the Cold War followed World War 2.
So again, what does make a good leader? Maybe being a good leader has nothing to do with how they lead, but with how the people on the outside perceive him/her. The people they rule has a lot to say about the leader himself. Do the people him/her rule fear them? Then maybe he/she is demanding and forceful. Do the people not respect them? Maybe it’s because the leader is weak! Whatever the circumstance may be, the world is full of different leaderships, and none of them are perfect. But it takes more than just the leader to make a change, the people have to want to make a change too! (Ch. 2 pg. 10). Other pigs on the farm include Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer.
After many battles, casualties, and slave labor the book ends in cha