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Road infrastructure is the material of which the road have been made for ex; asphalt, concrete and gravel, moreover the network of the city paths or country paths including bridges, shifts, tunnels and highways in order to enable a better connection between areas to tie the whole country and to facilitate the movement of people and goods. Good infrastructure means quality roads that last for long time and organized road networks based on scientific studies, infrastructure influence the economic growth and social cohesion also the quality of roads materials could decrease the cost of repairing the roads in short periods.
Road infrastructure comprises of all roads in the area, including all road categories, signage, marking, electronic systems and anything that needed to provide for safe transportation. Road infrastructure affects the mobility and flexibility of workforce, which would reflect the employment level moreover high employment level means high standard of living. Road infrastructure also has an effect on several areas such as tourism, foreign investment and regional development. Employment level, wages, consumption, tourism, foreign investment and regional development absolutely have an impact on gross domestic product (GDP)
Investment in road infrastructure is essential especially for developing countries as it aims at opening areas and linking them to the external market thus is how the infrastructure plays a major role in supporting the international business and in attaining a growth in GDP (Dijk Pitou 2013).
Not only but also it affect the cost of transportation, cost of food, cost of consumer goods and the income (Mongo Eric 2008) considered investing in road transportation infrastructure as a major method to reduce poverty and hunger.
On the other hand (Cynthia C. Cook, Asian Development Bank 2005) had link the good road infrastructure with the services which need time for example patients could lose their lives because of not seeing the doctor on time.
The relation between infrastructure and economic growth can be explained throw a simple example as (Dale S. Rothman, Mohammod T. Irfan, Barry B. Hughes, Eli Margolese-Malin, Jonathan D. Moyer 2015) said that in some countries it’s better to import than to produce domestically and distribute from small far village in which the sum of the cost of transporting plus the cost of planting is more than the price of the imported one. Also they have mentioned the impact of the infrastructure is classified into eight (8) categories which are;
Growth enhancing impacts
Increase of economic opportunities specially target the poor
Improved governance framework
Direct impact on well-being
Fiscal impact for poor people