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A Strategic Approach to SME Development and Export Growth With Special Reference to Sri Lanka Saman Kelegama Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka CPM/CMA Conference, SLIDA, 13 Sept 2013 1. Quick Take + Policy Framework 2. Key Issues 3. Recent Initiatives 5. Way Forward 4. Exporting 1. Quick Take + Policy Framework 2. Key Issues 3. Recent Initiatives 4. Way Forward SMEs in Sri Lanka: quick take How many SMEs in Sri Lanka? –difficult to quantify, no survey Approx 70% of all enterprises are SMEs (MoFP) 91% of industrial establishments are SMEs (ASI 2008) Contributes to around 26% of employment in industries Of 4,700 exporters, nearly 80% are SME suppliers (EDB) Current framework for the development of SMEs in Sri Lanka… Policies under ‘Mahinda Chintana’ (2005) & ‘Mahinda Chintana Vision for the Future’ (2010) Draft SME Policy 2010 –with JICA Consultant attached to NEDA National Strategy for SME Sector Development - White Paper –December 2002 Issues highlighted in 2002 SME White Paper are still relevant today A few strategies outlined in the Mahinda Chintana Mahinda Chintana (2005) Establishment of an SME Authority Setting up a technical development fund under the SME Bank “Lankaputhra” scheme Rs. 500 million to be allocated annually for selected SMEs to develop them to an international level Mahinda Chintana Vision for the Future (2010) Implement a process to upgrade 5000 small-scale enterprises to medium-level and 200 medium-scale enterprises to large-level every year Establishment of entrepreneurial centers to encourage small and medium scale entrepreneurs Need for coherent policy direction SME sector does not come within the purview of a single ministry Ministry of Industry & Commerce (NEDA functions under this) Ministry of Traditional Industries and Small Enterprise Development Ministry of Economic Development Ministry of Finance and Planning Ministry of Youth Affairs Ministry of Technology and Research Need for better coordination to effectively and holistically support the sector/address the core constraints inhibiting SME growth NEDA (National Enterprise Development Agency) was established in 2006 for this purpose but whether it has adequate funds to play that role remains a question SME Development ‘Policy Review’ by IPS 1. Quick Take + Policy Framework 2. Key Issues 3. Recent Initiatives 4. Way Forward SMEs in Sri Lanka: Key Issues Key issues affecting SMEs(some also identified in Draft National Policy) Lack of widespreadBusiness Development Services (BDS) providers Constraints in access to finance (both demand and supply- side issues) SME owners need better managerial capability, strengthen entrepreneurial potential Productivity improvement and access to technology Improved access to markets (better linkages in with local and foreign value chains –subcontracting, etc.) Key Issue: Access to Credit Supply-side issues Banks strong focus on collateral/security-based lending. (Need to move to risk/cashflow-based lending) Risk averse in lending to SMEs, particularly long-term capital. Working capital is less of an issue Branch officers unable to evaluate loan applications with an SME-lens Lack of SME-friendly credit rating/scoring scheme Previous evidence of concessionary loan schemes low disbursement rates –banks keen to promote their own products? Key Issue: Access to Credit Demand-side issues SME owners tend to shy away from approaching banks for capital –often look to B2B or family/relatives Low financial literacy and ability to successfully apply for and negotiate bank loans Developing accounting/book-keeping skills to be credible to banks “Hidden rates” issue –low financial literacy, cannot fully grasp computational nuances Producing credible and attractive business plans See IPS article in ‘Talking Economics’ Digest (2010) http://ipslk.blogspot.com/2010/10/access‐to‐credit‐critical‐issue‐for.html 1. Quick Take + Policy Framework 2. Key Issues 3. Recent Initiatives 4. Way Forward Recent initiatives for SMEs: Budget 2011 reforms Tax write off -unpaid tax liabilities up to March 2009 of all enterprises with a turnover below Rs. 100 million Exempting from Economic Service Charge from 1st January 2011 Reduced income tax of 10% Removal of Provincial Turnover Tax –but VAT extended to local level Simplification of the VAT Suspension Scheme -VAT suspension scheme is simplified to encourage SMEs to graduate to the VAT system over 10 years. Recent initiatives for SMEs: World Bank facility World Bank Small and Medium Enterprise Development Facility Project (SMEDeF) –US$ 57.4 million ‘Improve access to finance (including term finance) for SMEs in Sri Lanka affected by the global financial crisis’ 1.Financing and risk-sharing facility •Line of credit to refinance short and long term loans for SMEs nationwide and risk sharing facility to reduce the risk of lending to SMEs 2.Policy and capacity enhancement for SME banking •Capacity enhancement to support SMEs and SME banking, support to strengthen the enabling environment for SME banking and implementation support & monitoring Recent initiatives for SMEs: ADB facility Small and Medium Enterprise Regional Development Project (SMERDP) –US$ 50 million ‘Accelerating the development of SMEs outside the Western Province by improving their access to credit, business development services, and by catalyzing the development of SME value chain clusters for providing linkages to information, technology and markets’ Ended 30thJune 2011 No information on performance of SMEs receiving the loan, etc., some information on loan disbursement available in MoFP Annual Report 2010 4. Exporting SMEs Exporting •SMEs do not export directly but they form the backbone of larger competitive export industries •SMEs largely rely on domestic markets and export potential among SMEs remain untapped •EU experience shows that it is the more innovative SME firms that are more productive and internationally competitive •Exporting on the other hand has a positive impact on innovation •Export and innovation are complimentary strategies that result in higher export shares SME Challenges in Exporting •Lack of product and technology‐related information •Lack of market access information •Compliance with quality standards •Meeting buyers requirements constrained by limited access to finances •Lack of support services from the government SME Strategy for Exporting •Embrace information and communication technologies •Invest in R & D for innovation •Designing and producing quality products •Build reliable supply networks •Gradually marketing and branding products •Practicing sound export management principles 1. Quick Take + Policy Framework 2. Key Issues 3. Recent Initiatives 4. Way Forward SME Policy formulation–looking East Countries in the Asian region have been found to share similar constraints in the SME sector as Sri Lanka But they have far more robust SME development policies whereas Sri Lanka does not: Thailand SMEs Promotion Plan (2007-2011) Philippines National SME Development Plan, ‘Magna Carta’ for SMEs ASEANPolicy Blueprint for the ASEAN SME Development Decade 2002-2012 Need to learn from the best practices in these countries in developing a robust and comprehensive SME plan for Sri Lanka Key action areas… Conduct an SME Needs Assessment Study/Survey Many interventions being undertaken by various parties A needs assessment can better inform all these players on the key needs and potential strategies E.g. Malaysia’s SME Corp activities are able to better target SME needs and plug gaps because of their focus on real analysis of the sector with actual numbers Expansion of BDS providers across the country, training in business facilitation, building SME management skills, accounting/finance skills, etc. Improving SMEs access to and utilization of technology (leverage on the Vidathacentresacross the country?) SME access to financing survey/study Move forward faster on a new National SME Policythat brings all stakeholders on board Thank You Web -www.ips.lk Blog ‘Talking Economics’-www.ipslk.blogspot.com Twitter -@TalkEconomicsSL d tax liabilities u