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Caritas Institute of Community Education
Higher Diploma in Early Childhood Education
Technology and Early Childhood Education
Name: To Ka-ho (Alex)
Student Number: 10125321
Teacher: Ms. Chara
In this essay, I would like to take about the benefits and potential risks of using ICT in early childhood education, discuss what and how to teach children technology with the use of ICT. Justify the rationale of using ICT for young children's learning experience and reflect on the role and potential of using ICT in early childhood education.
It is about the suggestion on using ICT to support learning and teaching process in teaching children technology. Firstly, ICT stands for information and communication technology, in my suggestion on using ICT to support learning of activity, I will design“ Projector of Gesture Story”. In my activity, I will design for K1 student of around 10 people in the K1 classroom. In the activity, I have used the projector to assist in my activity, it is a ICT tool and equipment. For my activity, firstly, before the activity, the teacher will do some gesture, like a Tortoise and Hare and then let the children guess "what is this". Also, the teacher will open the projector and irradiated on a white block and let the children guess the usage of projector in this activity. Also, the teacher will arrange the student sit in front of the white block. And then teacher will start to speak story, but the story not just a general story, the teacher will use some gesture in the projector, so it makes the white block have the shadow. Such as the teacher will select speak “The Tortoise and the Hare” so teacher will do the Tortoise and Hare of gesture and teacher will ask some question for student. For example, when a Tortoise won a Hare, the teacher can do some gesture, such as disappointed hare. Thus it will make the students to increase their impression and deepen the overall fun. About the activity topic, I hope the above activity can improve student of language ability, such as listening, words and speak ability. As in the activity, students need to listen to the story and understand the story mean and answer the question. So in the activity, I have used the Projector to support learning, because I think that ICT can be used to support the early language development.
For the justification on the rationale of using ICT for supporting young children's learning experience. In the early childhood education, ICT is very important, because First, ICT already has an effect on the people and environments that surround young children’s learning. Second, these technologies offer new opportunities to strengthen many aspects of early childhood education practice. Also according the Carr said that, many authors argue that as ICT will be a significant part of children’s current and future learning environments, it is important for them to begin to develop ICT capability and “ICT literacy”, and that early childhood education experiences have a role to play in this respect (Carr, 2001). So ICT is very important in the early childhood education.
In addition, ICT has many benefits. According to the Beverly, it will explore with fascination and expectation at what computers can do for them. This expectation goes with them to school. They have a level of expectation about their learning that is best supported through the use of ICT in education. Technology is an invaluable asset when we begin to explore what ICT can do for us and our students, and when we begin to view education as a collaborative, relevant, living opportunity (Beverly, 2008). Also, ICT can support the child development and the early learning, such as support the key areas of learning in ECE, communication and collaboration, creativity and support children from diverse cultural or language backgrounds, such as it may allow children to engage in self-exploration.
Moreover, in the activity have provide opportunities for children to share and discuss the outcome or results obtained from the activities and encourage children to observe and report attentively during the activities. Also, in this activity, it is support children literacy development, because the story can help children observe, fix, memorize, describe and to find answers to their questions. Also the story activity can dissolve and eliminate borders between oral and written, between textual and pictorial. So above reasons are ICT benefits and the benefits is very helpful to develop student of ability. But ICT also has some place need to note. Such as developmental concerns, for example, computer use can interfere with children's cognitive development. Also, harmful physical effects of prolonged computer use by children, for example, in the activity if prolonged to use projector, may make the student myopia and tired of eyes. Also, exposure to unsuitable content, for example, the material of a sexual or violent nature or containing inappropriate gender, but in my activity just use the projector. So it can avoid student’s exposure to unsuitable content. Actually, when used correct, ICT can support different aspects of learning and development procedure of student, including language, creativity. In conclusion, I think ICT benefit are more than harm. So, I think in the early childhood education, ICT should be keep to be used.
About the reflection on the role and potential of using ICT in early childhood education. I think the role of ICT is very important, because ICT can support children's learning, such as language development and mathematical thinking. Including supporting learning for children from diverse cultural or language backgrounds or with special learning needs. And then ICT's value in ECE appears to depend on the tools selected, and when and how they are used. So it is very flexible and if select the appropriate ICT tools, it will help student of development.
In addition, it is believed that ICT can help children develop their competencies already in their early years. Moreover, it is noticed that preschoolers have more exposure to both positive and negative impacts of digital technologies before entering the school. Also, it is inevitable to engage ICT in classrooms. Procedures and strategies are developed for achieving our learning objectives in a more effective, authentic and actual way.
But according to the Ivan, ICT should be seen as a tool that is used in conjunction with many others to empower children to learn and grow. It will not replace the existing mechanisms of learning, such as books and the outdoor environment (Ivan, 2012). So we cannot ignore the outdoor environment, because it is important for children learning and development. So ICT in early childhood education plays an important role, but cannot completely replaced the traditional teaching.
In conclusion, we must take advantages of using of technology and ICT in our courses because it offers many benefits to us. I think we should not ignore the use of technology and ICT in our courses, especially towards the early childhood education.
Beverly Kaye. (2008). The Benefits of Technology in Education. Retrieved 21 September, 2016, from http://ictece.blogspot.hk/2008/10/benefits-of-technology-in-education.html
Carr, M. (2001). Assessment in early childhood settings: Learning stories. London: Paul Chapman Publishing.
Ivan Kalaš. (2012). ICTs IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION. Retrieved 21 September, 2016, from http://iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/en/files/3214720.pdf
6explore what ICT can do for us and our students, and when we begin to view education as a collaborative, relevant, living opportunity (Beverly, 2008). Also, ICT can support the child development and the early learning, such as support the key areas of learning in ECE, communication and collaboration, creativity and support children from diverse cultural or language backgrounds, such as it may allow children to engage in self-exploration.
Moreover, in the activity have provide opportunities for children to share and discuss the outcome or results obtained from t